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位置:柚子苗 > 行业资讯 > 常见问题 > 土壤酸化:不容忽视的土壤问题(三红蜜柚苗)

土壤酸化:不容忽视的土壤问题(三红蜜柚苗)

发表时间:2018-05-22 08:20     编辑:宗富柚子苗     所属分类:常见问题

JINNIANLAI,TURANGSUANHUAWENTIYUELAIYUEYANZHONG,ZHISHIZUOWUFAYUBULIANG,BINGHAIJIAZHONG,YANZHONGYINGXIANGLEZUOWUCHANLIANGHEPINZHI,ZHIYUELEZHONGZHIHUJINGJIXIAOYIDETIGAO。NEIMEHEWEITURANGSUANHUA?TURANGSUANHUADEWEIHAISHISHENME?TURANGSUANHUADEYUANYINYOUNAXIE?GAIRUHEGAILIANGTURANGSUANHUA?DAIZHEZHEIXIEWENTIRANGWOMENDUITURANGSUANHUAYOUYIGEGENGSHENDELEJIE。

一、土壤酸化是什么?

TURANGSUANHUAZHITURANGXISHOUXINGFUHETIJIESHOULEYIDINGSHULIANGJIAOHUANXINGQINGLIZIHUOLVLIZI,SHITURANGZHONGJIANXING(YANJI)LIZILINSHIDEGUOCHENG。ZHEIGEBAIDUBAIKELIMIANDEJIESHIWOXIANGXINDABUFENRENKANGUOZHIHOUDOUBUMINGBAISHENMEYISI,TURANGSUANHUAJIANDANDIANSHUOJIUSHIYOUYUYIXIERENWEIYINSU(GUOLIANGSHIYONGHUAFEI)HUOZHEHUANJINGYINSU(TURANGTIAOJIAN)DAOZHITURANGpHXIAJIANGDEXIANXIANG,TURANGZIRANSUANHUASHIYIGEFEICHANGHUANMANDEGUOCHENG,ERRENWEISUANHUASHIYIGEXIANGDUIKUAISUDEGUOCHENG。

二、土壤酸化的危害是什么?

1、改变土壤微生物环境

黑龙江快乐十分 TURANGZHONGDEWEISHENGWUDESHULIANGHEZHONGLEISHIDONGTAIBIANHUADE,TAMENDEZHONGLEIHESHULIANGYUTURANGHUANJINGYOUMIQIEDEGUANXI,BIRUTURANGWENDU,TURANGKONGQIHETURANGpHDENG,WEISHENGWUHETURANGHUANJINGZHIJIANSHIXIANGHUZHIYUE、XIANGHUYINGXIANGDEGUANXI。DANGGETURANGZHIBIAOLIANGHAOSHI,TURANGZHONGYOUYIWEISHENGWUDEZHONGLEIHESHULIANGHUIZENGDUO,XIANGDUIDEYOUHAIWEISHENGWUDESHULIANGHUIJIANSHAO,FANGUOLAIWEISHENGWUHUODONGHUITIGAOTURANGDEHUOXING。FANZHI,DANGGETURANGZHIBIAOJIAOCHASHI,TURANGZHONGYOUYIWEISHENGWUDEZHONGLEIHESHULIANGJIANSHAO,YOUHAIWEISHENGWUDEZHONGLEIHESHULIANGZENGDUO,YEHUIJIANGDITURANGDEHUOXING。DANGTURANGSUANHUAYIHOU,TURANGZHONGDEYOUHAIWEISHENGWUJIUHUIZENGDUO,YOUYIWEISHENGWUJIANSHAO。

2、土壤结构被破坏

TURANGDANGZHONGDETULIJIEGOUSHIYOUZHANLI、FUZHIZHI、CaHEWEISHENGWUFENMIWUDENGZUCHENG,DANGTURANGZHONGDEWEISHENGWUHUANJINGPOHUAIYIHOU,TURANGDETUANLIJIEGOUYEJIUXIANGYINGDEPOHUAILE。

3、土壤养分利用率降低

TURANGDANGZHONGDEYANGFENSHIXUYAOZAIYIDINGDEpHFANWEINEIXISHOULVCAIHUIDADAOZUIDA,YIBANZAIZHONGXINGHUOZHEPIANSUANXINGDETURANGZHONGXISHOULVDADAOZUIDAZHI,DANGSUANJIANDUSHENGGAOHUOZHEJIANGDISHI,TURANGYANGFENDEXISHOULVJIUHUIXIAJIANG。

三、土壤酸化的原因

1、降水量大而且集中

DANGJIANGYUSHIJIANZHANGERQIEJIANGYUQIANGDUDASHI,TURANGZHONGDEKUANGZHILIZIHUISUISHUILIUSHI,CONGERSHIQINGLIZIYUSHENGYUDELIUSUANGENDENGLIZIJIEHE,CONGERSHITURANGSUANJIANDUXIAJIANG。

2、长期大量施用化肥是造成土壤酸化的重要原因

DUOSHIHUAFEIYOUQIDUOSHIDANFEI,HUIDAOZHITURANGZHONGDEWEISHENGWUSHULIANGHEZHONGLEIFASHENGBIANHUA,JINERDAOZHITURANGSUANHUA。

四、土壤酸化该如何改良?

1、化学改良剂

ZHONGLEIFEICHANGDUO,SHENGSHIHUI、SHIGAO、JIANZHADENGDOUKEYIZHONGHESUANXING,CONGERTIGAOTURANGpHDEZUOYONG。LINGWAI,RENGONGHECHENGDEYIXIEDAFENZIWUZHIDOUKEYIQIDAOGAILIANGTURANGSUANHUADEZUOYONG。

2、生物改良

ZENGJIAYOUJIFEIDEYONGLIANG。CHONGFENFUSHUDEYOUJIFEIKEYITIGAOTURANGFEILI。YUNFENGZHONGXINGFEI,BUSUANHUATURANGBUHANSUOERNIAO DUIZUOWUGENGANQUANZENGQIANGTURANGFEILI,TIGAOFEILIAOLIYONGLV。SHIGAILIANGTURANG,PEIFEIDILIDEZHIYOUXUANZE。


 


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