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柚子树如何种植,柚子树的种植技术

发表时间:2018-08-23 09:48     编辑:宗富柚子苗     所属分类:常见问题

YOUZIDESHENGZHANGNENGLIXIANGDUILAISHUOHAISHIBIJIAOGUANGFANDE,TADESHENGMINGLIBIJIAOWANQIANG。JINTIANZHUYAOJIDAJIAFENXIANGDEYESHIGUANYUYOUZISHURUHEZHONGZHIDEYIXIEJIBENQINGKUANG。XIAMIANJIDAJIAXIANGXIJIESHAOXIAYOUZISHUDEZHONGZHIJISHU。

柚子树如何种植,柚子树的种植技术

1、土壤要求:

XUANDIZAIZHIYOUZIDUITURANGYAOQIUBUYANGE,ZHIYAOTUCENGSHEN,PAISHUIHAO,JUNKEZAIZHI,DANYISHARANGTUZHIZHIZAIZUIHAO。TIANJIANGUANLIXINZAIYOUSHUYAOSHUIFEICHONGZU,YAOPENSHIXINGAOZHIMO,KEBAOZHENGDISHANGSHUIFENBUZHENGFA,MIAOTISHUIFENBUZHENGTENG,GEJUEBINGCHONGHAI,SUODUANHUANMIAOQI,JIAKUAIGENXIFAYU。JUTIYAOQIUTURANGTUCENGSHENHOU(60㎝)、FEIWO;TURANGphZHIZAI5.5-7.0;GUOYUANDISHIPODUDIYU25DU。YUANDIGUIHUASHI,YINGYOUBIYAODEDAOLU、PAIGUAN、XUSHUIHEFUSHUJIANZHUSHESHI。ZAIJUTIGUIHUASHI,JINKENENGZUODAOJIZHONGCHENGPIAN,ZAIJIAOTONG、SHUIYUANTIAOJIANHAODEDIFANGJIANYUAN。CHENGNIANJIEGUOSHUZAIHUAYAFENHUAQIHUANTUCUHUAWANG2HAO(NANFANGPIN),CUHUAYAFENHUA,YIXIASHAOKUANGZHANG,QIUMOPENSAZEYIDONGSHAOCHOUFA。

YINGGAOHAOSHENFANKUOXUE、SHUHUATURANG,JINZHIZAIYUANNEIZHONGZHIYUMI、XIAOMAIDENGGAOGANZHIWU,GAOHAOGUOYUANHELIJIANZUOHEZHONGGENGCHUCAODENGGONGZUO。

2、种植要求:

(1)SHIJIAN。YIBANZAI9-11YUEQIUSHAOLAOSHUHOUHUO2-3YUECHUNSHAOMENGYAQIANZAIZHI。

(2)MIDU。CAIYONGZHUJU3m×XINGJU4mDEMIDUJINXINGZAIZHI,MUZHI55-60ZHU。

(3)ZAIZHIJISHU。TUWAZAIZHIXUE:LAXIANDINGJU,WADINGZHIXUE,XUESHEN、KUANGE80cm,RANHOUYALVFEI50cmSHEN,HUITIANTU40cmGAOZAIZHI;TIANQILONGZAIZHI:8MIDAIGOU(GOUKUAN60-80㎝,SHEN40-60cm)KAIXIANG,MEIXIANGQI2LONG(LONGKUAN1.5m,LONGZHONGXINJU4m,LONGGAO20-30cm)。ZAIZHISHIJIANGMIAOMUDEGENXISHIDUXIUJIANHOUFANGRUDINGZHIXUEZHONGYANG,SHUZHANGENXI,FUZHENG,BIANTIANTUBIANQINGQINGXIANGSHANGTIMIAO、TASHI,SHIGENXIYUTURANGMIJIE。JIAOZUDINGGENSHUI,ZAISHUMIAOZHOUWEIZUO1mDESHUPAN,YONGKANGQIAOFUGAI。

3、定植:

DINGZHISHIQIYIBANZAICHUN(2-3YUE)、QIU(9-10YUE)LIANGJI。DINGZHIMIDU3×3.5m,MUDINGZHI60ZHU。CAIYONGDAXUEDINGZHI,YAOQIUDINGZHIXUESHEN80cm,KUAN100cm。PEIHESHIYONGYOUJIFEI,FEN2-3CENGSHIYA。MEIXUEYONGYOUJIFEIBUDIYU50GONGJIN,KUFEI2GONGJIN。DINGZHIHOULINZUDINGGENSHUI,JIANGXUEGENGPEICHENGGAO15-20cmZHIJING60-100cmSHUPAN,RANHOUDAOCAOFUGAI。

4、幼树管理:

YOUSHUSHIFEICAIQU“QINSHIBOSHI”DEYUANZE,MEIYUEYINGSHI2-3CISUXIAOFEI。BINGGAOHAOJIANTAOSHUCAIHUOAIGANZUOWU。DINGZHI2NIANHOU,TONGYICAIYONGBIANCEZHUGANXING,CAIYONGCHENG、LA、DIAOHEMOYAKONGSHAODENGBANFA,SHISHUGUANTONGFENGTOUGUANG、NEITANGJIEGUOMUZHIDUOERJIANZHUANG。BINGGENJUSHUTIZHANGSHI,CAIYONGHUANGEJISHU,ZENGJIAZHISHAOYINGYANGJILEI,CUJINZAOJIEGUO。

5、整形修剪:

YOUSHUSHIFEICAIQU“QINSHIBOSHI”DEYUANZE,MEIYUEYINGSHI2-3CISUXIAOFEI。BINGGAOHAOJIANTAOSHUCAIHUOAIGANZUOWU。DINGZHI2NIANHOU,TONGYICAIYONGBIANCEZHUGANXING,CAIYONGCHENG、LA、DIAOHEMOYAKONGSHAODENGBANFA,SHISHUGUANTONGFENGTOUGUANG、NEITANGJIEGUOMUZHIDUOERJIANZHUANG。BINGGENJUSHUTIZHANGSHI,CAIYONGHUANGEJISHU,ZENGJIAZHISHAOYINGYANGJILEI,CUJINZAOJIEGUO。

6、疏花保果:

DANGDABUFENHUALEIYOUHUOCHAITOUDAXIAOSHI,KAISHIJINXINGSHUHUA,HUALEILUBAISHISHUQUHUASUI,WEIBUHERUOXIAOHUALEI,ZHIXUANLIUZHONGJIAN4-5DUOJIANZHUANGHUALEI。DIERCISHENGLILUOGUOHOU,ZHAICHUJIXINGGUO,BINGCHONGHAIGUOANYEGUOBIYUEWEI60-70:1DEBILILIUGUO。BAOGUOZHUYAOZAIXIEHUAHOUPENSHI2.4-D5-10PPmHUOFANGLUOSUDENG。

7、施肥管理:

QIANGDIAOYIYOUJIFEIHENONGJIAFEIWEIZHU。JIEGUOSHUYIBANBUYONGHUAFEI、YOUQISHIBUYONGHANLVFEI。CHUJIEGUOSHU(3-4NIAN)YICAIGUOHOU、KAICHUNMENGYAQIAN、ZHUANGGUOQISANCISHIFEIWEIZHU。ZAICAIGUOHOUDE8-9YUESHIYICIJIFEI,YINONGJIAFEI、FUHEFEI、KUFEIWEIZHU;2YUECHUNSHAOMENGYAFAQIANSHIYICISUXIAODANFEI,YICUJINCHUNSHAOSHENGZHANG;6YUESHANGXUNSHIYICIZHUANGGUOFEI,YILIN、JIAFEIWEIZHU,CUJINGUOPENGDAHEZHISHAOSHENGZHANG。

(1)SHIFEIYUANZE:

YINGCHONGFENMANZUXUECHENGDUIGEZHONGYINGYANGYUANSUDEXUYAO,TICHANGDUOSHIYOUJIFEI、HELISHIYONGWUJIFEIHEPEIFANGFEILIAO。BINGGENJUYEPIANFENXIJIEGUO、GUOYUANTURANGFENXIJIEGUO、XUECHENGWUHOUQIDENGZHIDAOSHIFEI。

(2)SHIFEIFANGFA:

YITURANGSHIFEIWEIZHU,PEIHEYEMIANSHIFEI。CAIYONGHUANZHUANGGOUSHI、TIAOGOUSHI、XUESHIHETUMIANSAFEIDENGFANGFA。

①YOUSHUSHIFEI:QINSHIBOSHI,YIDANFEIWEIZHU,PEIHESHIYONGLIN、JIAFEI,CHUN、XIA、QIUSHAOCHOUFAQISHIFEI5-6CI,(3、5、6、7、9、12YUE,MEICIMEIZHUSHITANAN0.4JINHUONIAOSU0.2JIN。1-3NIANYOUSHUDANZHUNIANSHICHUNDAN100-400g,DAN、LIN、JIABILIYI1.0:(0.4-0.5):1.0WEIYI。CHENGNIANSHUSHIHAOSICIFEIJIMENGYAFEI、BAOGUOFEI、ZHUANGGUOFEI、CAIGUOFEI。SHIFEILIANGYIBANMENGYAFEI2-3JINHUAFEI,YIDANFENSHUI;BAOGUOFEI1-2JINLINJIAFEI+1JINHUAFEI;ZHUANGGUOFEI1-2JINHUAFEI+1-2JINLINJIAFEI;CAIGUOFEI(JIFEI)YIYOUJIFEIWEIZHU,ZHUSHI50-100JINYOUJIFEI+1-2JINHUAFEI。

②SHUIFEN:TURANGGANHANSHIGUANSHUI,JISHUISHIPAISHUI。

YISHANGBENWENJIESHAODEJIUSHIGUANYUYOUZISHURUHEZHONGZHI,YOUZISHUDEZHONGZHIJISHUDEXIANGXIQINGKUANG,GANXIEDAJIADECHAYUEHEZHICHI。RUGUODAJIAHAIYOUSHENMEBUMINGBAIDE,KEYIDUODUOGUANZHUHUOBAOYOUZIMIAOJIDI。XIWANGWENZHONGDENEIRONGKEYIDUIDAJIAQIDAOYIDINGDEBANGZHUZUOYONG。

 
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